Food Processing Sector in Pakistan

Global food retail sales are about $4 trillion annually.

► Pakistan is home to the world’s sixth largest population with  a  growing  middle  class.  As  of  2018,  there  are approximately 17 million middle class households and 102 million middle class individuals.

► Food processing accounted for an annual  average  of $223.5m in FDI from 2012-2018.

► Pakistan’s food processing industry is broadly categorized into the following 4 sub sectors:

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Hydrocarbon Sector in Cameroon

For a long period, Cameroon’s economic expansion was generated by the oil sector, which was then the most  dynamic  sector  of  the  country’s  economy. The sharp rise in crude prices on the world market is a booster to the sector, despite the gradual depletion of oil deposits. Many businesses operate in the sector, including the  production  of  crude  petroleum  oils,  the  main export  product,  as  well  as  the  sale  of  fuel  and lubricants and production of crude oil.

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Mining Sector in Cameroon

Cameroon has a high potential of mineral resources with over 52 types of mineral substances:

  • Precious stones (gold, diamond, sapphire, platinum, graphite, etc.).
  • Energy-related substances (petroleum, natural gas, lignite, schist bitumen, uranium, etc.).
  • Metallic substances (titanium, bauxite, cobalt, nickel, iron, chromium, magnesium, lead, zinc, tungsten, etc.).
  • building materials related substance , marble.
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Energy Sector in Cameroon

Cameroon’s energy balance shows a clear predominance of renewable energy (RE) sources particularity biomass. Despite the clear progress made with commercial forms of energy between 1990 and 2002, biomass is still the predominant fuel source (78,6% in 2003), with cooking and other residential uses accounting for 73%.

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Agriculture Sector in Cameroon

Agriculture is the main stay of the economy. It occupies more than 70% of the actual population, contributes 42% of the GNP and represents 51% of the exports.

Agriculture, bedrock of Cameroon’s economy: Agriculture is a key and priority sector in Cameroon’s economy. It employs about 70% of the active population, accounts for 19,8% of the GDP and represents 51% of exports. The country’s geographic location and climate have endowed it with a rich and diversified agricultural potential that comprises traditional agriculture and cash-crop cultivation. The major cash-crops are cocoa, coffee, cotton, banana, rubber, Irish potato and pepper. Other crops like groundnuts, sweet potatoes and plantains are grown essentially for household consumption. Agronomic research has been re- launched and is being intensified with a view to improving local productivity. The Agricultural potential of Cameroon is very rich and diversified because of the geographical and climatic situation of the country. Cameroon agriculture comprises more of subsistent farming while very little transformation into value added produce or goods is done.

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Tourism Sector in DR Congo

In the sector of tourism and travel, a myriad of opportunities exist in the rehabilitation and construction of hotels, restaurants and other tourism infrastructure. DRC’s unique tourist opportunities including wildlife reserves, indigenous cultures, and geological wonders establishes the DRC as a perfect country for those who seek to connect to nature and mankind. Twelve percent of the country is made up of protected areas including 7 national areas and 57 reserves with great ecotourism potential. DRC offers a wide range of tourist attractions in different provinces ranging from the seaside to the safaris and cultural structures. DRC caters to the business as well as leisure.

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Mining Sector in DR Congo

The sector attracted several subsidiaries of large multinationals to operate in the DRC. The success story indicates the presence in DRC of companies such as: TENKE FUNGURUME MINING (FREE PORT McROAN, KOLWEZI COPPER COMPANY (KINROSS-EGMF) KIBALI GOLD MINING Mutanda, ASHANTI GOLDFIELD KILO, Twangiza MINING.

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Infrastructure Sector in DR Congo

There are numerous infrastructure construction opportunities for American firms with most of the projects structured as public-private partnerships. In March 2016, Ministry of Infrastructure and Public Works identified over $6 billion in transportation and utilities related infrastructure construction and rehabilitation projects over the next six years.

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Housing Sector in DR Congo

The DRC immense energy potential consists of non-renewable resources such as oil, natural gas and uranium, and renewable energy sources including hydroelectric, biomass, solar, wind, and geothermal power. The government’s vision is to increase the level of service up to 32% in 2030. The Congo River, which is the second largest river in the world with its basin astride the Equator provides an energy potential estimated at 100,000 MW spread across 780 sites in 145 territories and 76 000 villages. This potential represents approximately 37% of the African overall potential and about 6% of the global potential.

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Forestry Sector in DR Congo

The Congo basin is estimated to include 530 million hectares of land and 200-300 million in forest/woodland with an area that is approximately 1,232,000 m2, more than 45% of the African equatorial forest and 6% of
the world tropical reserves. Congolese forest contains more or less 1,000 species of trees. The uniqueness of the Congo is its 11,000 different species of plants often referred as medicinal along with rainforest vegetation that has most dense parts receiving only 1% of the sunlight reaching the ground. DRC investment projects is to plant 3 million hectares (ha) of forest up to 2025.

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Banking and Finance Sector in DR Congo

Banking, assurances and microfinance sectors objectives are the creation of specialized financial institutions and operational efficiency of existing banks. The DRC’s banking system is comprised of the BCC and 18 commercial banks as well as savings/credit cooperatives, microfinance institutions, financial transfer services, and one development bank, SOFIDE. A postal checking system and several credit cooperatives exist and the Citibank-DRC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Citigroup, is the only U.S. bank in the DRC.

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Energy Sector in DR Congo

The DRC immense energy potential consists of non-renewable resources such as oil, natural gas and uranium, and renewable energy sources including hydroelectric, biomass, solar, wind, and geothermal power.  The government’s vision is to increase the level of service up to 32% in 2030.

The Congo River, which is the second largest river in the world with its basin astride the Equator provides an energy potential estimated at 100,000 MW spread across 780 sites in 145 territories and 76 000 villages. This potential represents approximately 37% of the African overall potential and about 6% of the global potential.

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Agro-Industrial Sector in DR Congo

The DRC has more available farmland than any other country in Africa, with an agricultural potential to feed close to two billion people. DR Congo has and estimated 80 million hectares of available arable land with 10% of this land is currently being used. The agricultural sector contributes 18 percent of GDP and accounts for over 60 percent of new jobs.

Approximately 1.5 million square miles.

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Hydrocarbon Sector in DR Congo

Oil and gas discoveries in the east of the country give the DRC the second largest crude oil reserves in Central and Southern Africa.  These reserves are primarily located in the four major lakes bordering Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda. The DRC has proven reserves of 180 million barrels, though estimates of total petroleum reserves exceed 5 billion barrels.  Currently, Congolese oil production is limited to the Coast Basin, yielding 25,000 barrels per day of offshore production, all of which are exported.

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Manufacturing Sector in Ghana

Overview of the Manufacturing Sector in Ghana

The Ghanaian economy is made up of three main sectors; they are agriculture, industry and services sectors. The unimpressive performance of the industrial sector (comprising manufacturing, mining and quarrying, utility services and construction) was reversed in 2017 with a growth rate of 19.3%. This surge is largely attributable to the deferral of the FPSO Turret Remediation Project to 2018 as well as the increase in revenue from new production from the Sankofa-Gye Nyame and the Tweneboa Enyenra Ntomme (“TEN”) oil fields.

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Infrastructure Sector in Ghana

Ghana’s stable political environment, favourable legal framework, constantly improving infrastructure, improving macroeconomic fundamentals and abundant natural resources, amongst others, are bracing to the country’s investor attractiveness. With a robust economy and stable investment flows, the future outlook for Ghana is encouraging.

The country’s capacity to fully absorb and benefit from increased investments and new technologies depends a great deal on the availability, quality and efficiency of more basic forms of infrastructure. The Infrastructure Sector comprises the ports, roads, rail, aviation, electricity, water supply, transportation, telecommunications sub-sectors.

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Tourism Sector in Ghana

Ghana’s Tourism Sector is one of the fastest growing sectors in the country. In 2016, it was the fourth highest forex earner for Ghana. The sector employed about 125,000 people directly and a further 313,000 indirectly in 2016.

Tourist arrivals continue to increase in Ghana, hitting 1.2 million in 2016. Per purposes of visits, visits of friends and relatives (VFR) tops at 24.7% whilst business visits stand at 23%.

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Property Development Sector in Ghana

With a proven reputation for economic and political stability in recent years, Ghana is progressively developing into the go-to investment destination for property development in Africa and a springboard for investors seeking a fast- growing developing economy to put their investment dollars into.

According to UN Population’s data, 300 million new homes will be needed by 2030, or roughly 21 million new homes per year, which will bring global demand to nearly 100,000 new housing units each day.  By 2030, almost 60 percent of 8.3 billion people will live in cities, according to UN estimates. This means almost 1400 of the world’s cities will have half a million or more inhabitants.

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Healthcare Sector in Ghana

Ghana’s healthcare sector is one of the most advanced in West Africa. With large-scale investments in infrastructure, expanding insurance coverage and an increasing role for private investors, Ghana’s health sector is evolving rapidly. Though the country has done well in addressing pressing health care issues, there is still work to be done on areas including communicable diseases, infant care and maternal health. However, the growing incidence of non-communicable diseases presents a new range of challenges. With government resources limited, there is growing scope for the private sector to participate in the construction, management, consultancy and financing aspects of health care.

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Forestry Sector in Ghana

Ghana, has a total land mass of 239,460 km2 lying between latitude 11.50N and 4.50 S and longitude 3.50W and 1.30 E. Ecologically, the country is made of three broad zones namely, the high-forest in the south (rain and deciduous forest), accounting for about one-third of the land area (8.2 million hectares), a savanna (15.7 million hectares – Coastal, Guinea and Sudan savannah), and a transition zone (1.1 million hectares1 mostly semi-deciduous forest in the middle belt)

Ghana’s quest to build a strong economy and vibrant business market requires the exploitation of all potential business avenues to create employment and prosperity. One such area which has lots of business potential is the forestry industry which the government, private sector and all stakeholders have not been able to maximize its value and potential.

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