The DRC has more available farmland than any other country in Africa, with an agricultural potential to feed close to two billion people. DR Congo has and estimated 80 million hectares of available arable land with 10% of this land is currently being used. The agricultural sector contributes 18 percent of GDP and accounts for over 60 percent of new jobs.

Approximately 1.5 million square miles.

The average rainfall is a little over 58 inches (147 centimeters) per year.

The second largest rainforest after the Amazon, which is the largest rainforest in the world.

DRC Prime crops: Cassava, plantains, maize, groundnuts/peanuts tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, cocoa and rice. Rubber is also extracted from rubber trees and palm oil from the kernels of palm trees.

Soil is ferrasols, sandy clay soils with clay tasks, sandy soils, recent volcanic soils, alluvial plain soils, ancient rocks soil, areno-ferrals, hydro-kaolisols, and more.

The dry season lasts for less than four months, except in the most southern region. A monthly average temperature of 23 to 27 degrees applies to 90 percent of the country.


More than twenty agro-pastoral parks identified since 2014, four of which were prospected with a pilot project of agro-pastoral park (Bukanga Lonzo), have already been launched.

  • Bukanga Lonzo (Kwango) : 70,000 ha – 80,000 ha (Pilot);
  • Mushi-Pentane (Maï–Ndombe): 41,000 ha;
  • Ruzizi (South-Kivu): 50,000 ha;
  • Kindu (Maniema): 150,000 ha.

AGRO INDUSTRY

  • Deficit of the national supply. More than 80% of agri-food products consumed in the country’s major cities are imported.
  • Imports in relative value of some products of the agro-industry sector consumed in R.D.Congo are as follows
    • Wheat : 90%;
    • Maize: 20%
    • Rice : 90%, etc.
  • These data indicates a huge market opportunity for new investors in this sector.

LEADING SUB-SECTORS

  • Crop planting
  • Cultivation
  • Fishery, land and wildlife conservation
  • Fertilizer, herbicides, pesticides, and fungicides
  • Farm equipment leasing and financing
  • Agricultural industrial park

OBJECTIVES

  • Increase the production of food, vegetable and perennial products;
  • Enhance the contribution of agriculture to economic growth.
  • Restore the country’s food security.
  • Reduce poverty and insecurity in rural areas.
  • Encourage import-substitution.

POTENTIALS

  • 80 million ha of arable land and 4million ha of irrigable lands (only 10% is currently exploited) ;
  • Vast area of pasture for raising more than 40miIIion large heads livestock
  • A fish potential of 700000 tons per year ;
  • A varied climate and abundant rainfall (1000 mm per year)
  • Large reserves of fresh water.

INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

  • Development of poultry, pork and beef production industries ;
  • Development of fishing industry; fish farming, processing and preservation ,
  • Development of perennial crops industries: coffee, cocoa, tea, cinchona, hevea, sugar and palm oil ;
  • Development of food crops industries: maize, cassava, rice and soya ;
  • 22 agro-industrial parks have already been identified, including some with feasibility studies ;
  • Project of creation of an international agricultural market in Kinshasa

NEW REFORM

  • The promulgation of an incentive agricultural law ;
  • The enactment of an incentive decree on a strategic partnership on value chains.

KEY PROJECTS

  • Production of baby food;
  • Livestock feed;
  • Dry yeast;
  • Cookies;
  • Candies;
  • Processing and preservation of fruits and vegetables;
  • Extraction of vegetable oils (palm, palm kernels, corn, soya, …);
  • Roasting of coffee and production of ground coffee; Production of chocolate, etc